Aluminum Window Awnings – Different Features For Every Consumer to Choose From

It is very important for homes to have as many windows as possible. This will bring more natural light inside that will contribute to the home looking larger than the usual. With this, it is also important for homeowners to have aluminum window awnings to be able to control the amount of light entering the room to also control the heat.

The good thing about aluminum window awnings is that they have lots of options when it comes to color compared to getting other covers. But aside from this, they also have lots of other features that will be perfect for your needs like the following.

First of all, you will get very durable awnings that can control the amount of light in your home. Aluminum is known to be very durable compared to other materials so you will have a good awning to last for a very long time than the usual.

The next feature is that you will find the right awning to match your home’s windows. If you have a crank out type of window, you will find the right one suitable for it. Aside from the window types, you will also get the right aluminum window awnings suitable for the size of your window frame. So no matter what type of windows you have, you will definitely find the right ones for you.

Third, rusting is not an issue with these awnings. Since it’s made with aluminum, it will not have too much reaction with water that will result to damage. Aside from rusting, you will also have non-fading colors on it because the colors are baked right on the aluminum. This will cause you to have brand new awnings all the time especially since they are already fixed on your windows. Once installed, these aluminum window awnings will permanently be there.

Finally, you will be able to save more inside your home. You will not only keep your appliances and furniture looking brand new all the time since you will also protect them from direct sunlight. Aside from this, you will also save money on cooling your home since you will control direct late sunlight inside your home. Be sure to check out aluminium window awnings in Canberra for any questions.

So if you are looking for the right covers for your windows, you can get aluminum window awnings and enjoy all its features. There are now many providers of these awnings so you can compare them in the market and get the best value.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) Vs Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is a therapeutic methodology developed by Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington to treat people with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). DBT combines Cognitive Behavioural Therapy with concepts of methodologies from various practices including Eastern mindfulness techniques. Research has shown that DBT is the first therapy that has been effective for treating BPD. Further research has been carried out and appears to show that it is also effective in treating people with spectrum mood disorders including self harming behaviour. Linehan created DBT after realising that other therapies were ineffectual when used for BPD. She recognised that the chronically suicidal people that she worked with had been brought up in invalidating environments and required unconditional acceptance in order for them to develop a successful therapeutic relationship. She also maintained that people need to recognise and accept their low level of emotional functioning and be ready to make a change in their lives.

Helping the person with Borderline Personality Disorder to make therapeutic changes in their lives is extraordinarily difficult for at least two reasons. Firstly, focusing on patient change, either of motivation or by teaching new behavioural skill, is often experienced as invalidating by traumatised individuals and can precipitate withdrawal, non compliance, and drop out from treatment on the one hand, or anger, aggression, and attack, on the other. Secondly, ignoring the need for the patient to change (and thereby, not promoting much needed change) is also experienced as invalidating. Such a stance does not take the very real problems and negative consequences of patient behaviour seriously and can, in turn, precipitate panic, hopelessness and suicidal ideation.  

DBT involves two components:

1. An individual component in which the therapist and patient discuss issues that come up during the week, recorded on diary cards, and follow a treatment target hierarchy. These sessions typically last for 45-60 minutes and are held weekly. Self Harming and Suicidal behaviours take first priority, followed by therapy interfering behaviours. After this there are issues surrounding quality of life and working towards improving one’s life in general. During the individual therapy, both the therapist and the patient work towards improving skill use to survive and manage difficult feelings. The whole session should be working towards a setting that is validating for the patient. A lot of attention should be paid to the immediate problems, feelings and actions. Often, a skills group is discussed and obstacles to acting skillfully are addressed.

2. The group, which usually will meet once a week for two to two-and-a-half hours, once a week, learns to use specific skills which can be broken down into four modules: Core Mindfulness Skills, Interpersonal Effectiveness Skills, Emotion Regulation Skills, and Distress Tolerance Skills. The room should be arranged like a classroom with the trainers (usually two) placed at the front. Issues and emotions are discussed and dealt with if they are life threatening or interfering with the group therapy. For example if someone is behaving badly this would only be addressed if it was causing a problem with the running of the group. Otherwise, it would be ignored. Skills Training is run around a manual that gives details of the programme that has to be followed. This gives guidance and advice about how it should be taught. It also contains handouts for individuals. Group work can include role-play and, as in CBT, homework is encouraged.  

Commitment Before DBT can begin, the patients have to make a commitment to participate in the therapy. This is an exercise in itself and may take several meetings. Both the patient and the therapist make explicit commitments. In practice, the therapist may initially ‘play hard to get’ and lead the patient, to persuade him or her that the programme is indeed justified.

People with BPD have often experienced treatments that have been at best unrewarding. Consequent wariness needs to be validated and the new therapeutic endeavour presented in a realistic way as promising but also demanding. Time spent on commitment before therapy is a good investment. Likewise, if the therapeutic relationship becomes wobbly or threatens to break down, then time needs to be spent on maintaining this commitment. It is usual for there to be an agreement that if three consecutive sessions of one kind are missed for any reason then the patient is out of the DBT programme.

Common Commitments in DBT

Patient Agreements

o Agree a time limit to stay in Therapy
o Work towards reducing suicidal behaviours
o Attend all Therapy sessions
o Participate in Skills Training

Therapist Agreements

o Make an effort to conduct competent Therapy
o To be ethical and professional as per professional guidelines
o To maintain confidentiality
o Obtain consent when necessary
o Be available for Therapy sessions and back up when needed

  None of these components are used by themselves. The individual component is considered necessary to keep suicidal urges or uncontrolled emotional issues from disrupting group sessions, while the group sessions teach the skills unique to DBT, and also provide practice with regulating emotions and behaviour in a social context.

The Four Modules


Mindfulness is one of the core concepts behind DBT. It is the capacity to pay attention, in a non-judgmental way, to the present moment. Mindfulness is all about living in the moment, experiencing one’s emotions and senses fully, yet with perspective. It is considered a foundation for the other skills taught in DBT, because it helps individuals accept and tolerate the powerful emotions they may feel when challenging their habits or exposing themselves to upsetting situations. The concept of mindfulness and the meditative exercises used to teach it are derived from traditional Buddhist practice, though the version taught in DBT Orange County does not involve any religious concepts.

Interpersonal Effectiveness

Interpersonal response patterns taught in DBT skills training are very similar to those taught in many assertiveness and interpersonal problem-solving classes. They include effective strategies for asking for what one may need, learning to say no, and coping with interpersonal conflict. Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder frequently possess good interpersonal skills in a general sense. The problems arise in the application of these skills to a specific situation. An individual may be able to describe effective behavioural sequences when discussing another person encountering a problematic situation, but may be completely incapable of generating or carrying out a similar behavioural sequence when analysing his or her own situation. The interpersonal effectiveness module focuses on situations where the objective is to change something (e.g., requesting that someone do something) or to resist changes someone else is trying to make (e.g., saying no). The skills taught are intended to maximise the chances that a person’s goals in a specific situation will be met, while at the same time not damaging either the relationship or the person’s self-respect.   Emotion Regulation

Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder and suicidal individuals are frequently emotionally intense and labile. They can be angry, intensely frustrated, depressed, or anxious. This suggests that these clients may benefit from help in learning to regulate their emotions. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills for emotion regulation include:

o Identifying and labeling emotions

o Identifying obstacles to changing emotions

o Reducing vulnerability to emotion mind

o Increasing positive emotional events

o Increasing mindfulness to current emotions

o Taking opposite action

o Applying distress tolerance techniques  

Distress Tolerance

Many current approaches to mental health treatment focus on changing distressing events and circumstances. They have paid little attention to accepting, finding meaning for, and tolerating distress. This task has generally been tackled by psychodynamic, psychoanalytic, gestalt, or narrative therapies, along with religious and spiritual communities and leaders. Dialectical behavior therapy emphasises learning to bear pain skillfully.

Distress tolerance skills constitute a natural development from mindfulness skills. They have to do with the ability to accept, in a non-evaluative and nonjudgmental fashion, both oneself and the current situation. Although this is a nonjudgmental stance, this does not mean that it is one of approval or resignation. The goal is to become capable of calmly recognising negative situations and their impact, rather than becoming overwhelmed or hiding from them. This allows individuals to make wise decisions about whether and how to take action, rather than falling into the intense, desperate, and often destructive emotional reactions that are part of borderline personality disorder.

Skills for acceptance include radical acceptance, turning the mind toward acceptance, and distinguishing between “willingness” (acting skillfully, from a realistic understanding of the present situation) and “willfulness” (trying to impose one’s will regardless of reality). Participants also learn four crisis survival skills, to help deal with immediate emotional responses that may seem overwhelming: distracting one-self, self-soothing, improving the moment, and thinking of pros and cons.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy and the Real Deal: Multiple Layers, Multiple Players

Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a very complex treatment- I think more so than the public realizes. Organizations that are adherently providing Dialectical Behavior Therapy services generally need to include individual psychotherapy, DBT skills groups, psychopharmacology consultation if needed, DBT consultation team meetings for the providers of DBT, and 24-hour on call pager availability. They should subscribe to assumptions about clients and therapists, be knowledgeable about research findings and publications, have a regular mindfulness practice, adhere to the 24-hour rule, and have a structured format for sessions which include diary cards, behavior chain analysis, and priority targets for treatment.

“Adherent” DBT treatment requires a pretty good grasp of not only the skills, but ways to teach and generalize skills to contexts outside of treatment based on functional analyses of behavior. DBT was originally designed to treat repeat suicide attempters. It has since been utilized to treat eating disorders, substance use, incarcerated populations, couples, families, older adults, adolescents, developmentally disabled clients, “difficult-to-treat” clients, and clients who don’t tend to benefit from “treatment as usual.” Because it has become so popular, clinicians have utilized DBT training to work with clients who are not so “severe”. However, in general it is known for being a tough treatment for a tough population that involves tenacity for getting clients to change while at the same time maintaining compassionate acceptance.

DBT has been criticized because it is so complex- it is certainly difficult to implement and takes considerable effort and energy to maintain. DBT is generally practiced in settings in which there are multiple providers- popular settings include hospitals, VA programs, research clinics, day programs, community mental health centers, and prison systems. Private outpatient clinics that primarily provide adherent DBT exist, but seem to be less prevalent. DBT in many of these settings means getting treatment from trainees (they may not be licensed) – but treatment is more accessible as trainees cost less money.

Doing adherent DBT from a mental health and business perspective takes multiple players with multiple talents. If money isn’t coming from research grants or the business isn’t a non-profit, mental health clinicians have to be funded in some manner. In order for all the components of DBT to be in place, someone in the organization needs to attend to business, administration, and organizational matters. They need to make sure that the business is sustainable and profitable. Someone needs to be taking care of legal matters, such as employment law, hiring/firing of employees, considering mission statements and the direction of the organization, enhancing compliance with insurance company requirements (such as claim filing and tracking), and making sure that practice is ethical and HIPAA compliant.

Like any business, someone needs to take care of marketing, referral sources, attracting clients, and providing good customer service. Due to the complexity of DBT, having a solid understanding of the treatment can take years, lots of good supervision, and a grasp of how to do not only individual psychotherapy- but group treatment and crisis coaching. It involves finding and supervising clinicians who are invested in doing the treatment, are willing to be available at all times by pager, are interested in taking on high risk clients, and who can sustain their own lifestyles in which they don’t get burned out or overwhelmed. In addition, if the clinic or program desires to have evidence of effective treatment, the clinic may have to employ someone with a research background to work on data collection and outcome measures. Like any person with strengths and weaknesses, it makes sense that having multiple players with multiple talents is needed for very complex and “adherent” DBT treatment- and that not all clinicians (or business administrators, or researchers) are created equal. In California check out DBT Therapy in Orange County.

Why You Should Always Keep Your Carpets Clean

Your home’s carpets are always getting walked on, stepped on, spilled on and more. Because they’re some of the dirtiest and most used floor surfaces in your home, it’s important that you keep them clean so that they look their best. This is especially true if you own pets or have kids! Dirty carpets make clean rooms look dirty no matter how much you try to get the space squeaky clean. Neglected carpets can also pose various health risks since bacteria and germs like to thrive in dirty carpets, causing harm to you and your family’s immune systems. Still not convinced your carpets should always been clean? Here are some more reasons why you should care about clean your carpets are and invest in quality carpet cleaning products!

The Importance Of Keeping Your Carpet Cleaner Than Ever
Dirty carpets can really ruin the life of your home’s carpeting, making you have to replace them a lot sooner than expected. This means shelling out more money to have the room re-carpeted or having to spend extra money on new rugs. If you’d like to save your money for other home improvements, keep your carpets and rugs clean using the right carpet cleaning products. This way you’ll be able to prolong the life of your carpet just by adding the right carpet cleaner to your cleaning products arsenal.

Another reason to invest in the right carpet cleaner is to improve your home’s indoor air quality. Carpets have a tendency to trap airborne pollutants that can pollute the air that you and your family breathe, which can cause allergies to act up or other breathing problems to occur. These pollutants must be removed in order to both protect your carpeted surfaces and maintain air quality indoors. Carpet cleaning products will help solve this troublesome problem.

Clean carpets also mean easier maintenance, which translates to shorter carpet cleaning sessions. When you let your carpet go, trying to get it back to its like-new condition will be harder and take longer to do than if you kept up with regular carpet cleaning duties.

But the biggest reason to always keep your carpets clean is so that they enhance the appearance of any room. Well-maintained, clean carpets can speak volumes about the cleanliness of a home and room. Spots, stains and other spoils on carpets are eye sores, which is why it’s imperative that you have effective carpet cleaning products on hand so when your carpets do get stains or spots. This way you can immediately clean them so that your carpet looks as if it were still new!

Carpet Cleaners That Double As An Upholstery Cleaner
Not only should you keep your carpets clean, but the same is true for your upholstery items like your couches, chairs and other furniture pieces made from fabrics. A dirty couch and carpet will make your room look sloppy and messy, so make sure you look for a carpet cleaner that doubles as an upholstery cleaner, too! This way you can kill two birds with one stone and clean both your carpets and upholstered items at the same time. Your space will look cleaner than ever with a spotless couch and carpet!

What To Look For In Carpet Cleaning Products
Not all carpet cleaning products are created equal, which is why you need to be careful when searching for the right one. A non-toxic carpet cleaner is best so that it’s safe for your family and pets. Also, look for one that is fast acting and can be used for a multitude of surfaces, including couches, carpets, fabrics, upholstery and even car seats, so that you get more for your money. More importantly, you want to get a carpet cleaner that is easy to use, so that you’re not on your hands and knees scrubbing for minutes at a time. But make sure that the carpet cleaner also works on various stains, like food and wine, pet stains, grass and dirt stains and other common stains you might find on your carpets and upholstered items.

Household Cleaning Products That Won’t Break The Bank
Although you want to buy an effective carpet household cleaning product, you don’t want to spend a lot of money on it either. Powerful formulas can also mean higher price tags, which means you’re paying more than you should for your carpet household cleaning products. Just because you want something that works doesn’t mean you have to spend a lot! There are plenty of effective carpet cleaners on the market today that not only provide amazing results, but won’t break the bank, so do your research before you go out and buy the first cleaning product you see.

Understanding Vacuum Cleaner Specifications

Understanding a large variety of confusing specifications is one of the most challenging aspects of selecting a new vacuum cleaner. First and foremost, consumers want vacuum cleaners that offer the best cleaning ability. And most consumers typically equate cleaning ability with “power” or “suction”.

Cleaning ability is not just about power and suction, even though these attributes are important elements of vacuum cleaner performance. With a little information and education, you will be able to sift through the numbers and better understand what the specifications mean and which ones are important to you.

Unfortunately, there is no single rating that indicates cleaning ability. However, there are a number of primary specifications, that when clearly understood, allow consumers to make educated decisions concerning which vacuum cleaners will have the best cleaning ability.

These primary specifications include watts, amps, volts, water lift (or sealed suction), horsepower, air watts, and airflow.

There are also a number of other, secondary specifications that influence cleaning ability that we’ll also examine. These include filtration, cleaning tools (agitation), capacity, quality, noise, features and cost.

In order to make sense of all this we first need to understand the basics of how a vacuum cleaner works.

All vacuum cleaners operate based on air flowing from the opening at the cleaning head or tool, through the vacuum cleaner and the bag and/or filter system and then out the exhaust port. This airflow is created by the vacuum motor, which also may be referred to as the suction motor.

The vacuum motor consists of electrical components attached to a fan or multiple fans. When the fans spin, a partial vacuum is created and the pressure inside the vacuum cleaner drops below the ambient (or existing) air pressure in the room. Because air pressure is higher outside the vacuum cleaner than inside, air rushes through the vacuum cleaner.

So, it is easy to see that the vacuum motor is the heart of a vacuum cleaner. After all, the more powerful the motor, the greater the pressure differential and therefore the more suction and airflow, right? And it is for this reason that most of the specifications you see concerning cleaning ability relate either directly or indirectly to the motor.

But here’s where it gets tricky. Specifications for components such as the motor do not necessarily relate to the performance of the entire vacuum cleaner, and therefore are only a part of the story.

Let’s take a look at the primary specifications one by one:


The input power of the vacuum motor is measured in watts. Although this specification doesn’t take into account the efficiency of the motor, the number of fans or the overall vacuum cleaner design, motor wattage is a valid way to evaluate and compare the power of the motor.

While the ideal comparison is motor input power in watts of Product A compared to motor input power in watts of Product B, some manufacturers do not provide motor input power specifications in the form of watts but instead rate the entire vacuum cleaner in amps. This can make it hard to compare across brands.

However, you can convert amps to watts by the formula, amps x 120 (volts) = watts. Or conversely, you can convert watts to amps by the formula, watts/volts (always 120) = amps. For example, a 1400-watt motor converts to 11.67 amps (1400/120=11.67).

Comparing machines rated in amps with those rated in watts is not an exact comparison because manufacturers that are using watt ratings typically rate the motor only while amperage ratings use the total electrical consumption of the vacuum cleaner including the motor in the power nozzle (the motorized revolving brush cleaning head), light bulb, etc.

This means that a Power Team (a canister vacuum cleaner with a power nozzle) with a specification of 12 amps might be quite comparable to another Power Team with a 1200-watt motor that converts to only 10 amps.

This is because the power nozzle motor consumes 1.5 amps, the bulb uses additional amperage and so on. So, if we subtract the amperage used by the power nozzle motor from our 12 amp machine, we come up with 10.5 amps for the motor and light bulb. In this example, the two motors both have ratings of very close to 10 amps, and therefore, equivalent motor input power.

Therefore, it is best to either compare motor input power in watts of both machines or if you have to compare a machine rated in watts with one rated in amps, try to get the amperage rating of the motor only instead of the entire vacuum cleaner. You can then convert this to watts and have a meaningful comparison.


A very common vacuum cleaner specification is amps. The amperage rating designates the maximum amount of electrical current used by all of the vacuum cleaner’s electrical components when operating. The biggest consumer of electrical current will be the vacuum motor, but the amperage rating includes all of the electrical components, including the vacuum motor, the power nozzle motor, the light bulb, etc.

The maximum amp “draw,” (the number of amps the vacuum cleaner uses when running) allowed for any appliance that plugs into a standard household outlet is 12. Therefore, if you see amperage ratings above 12, read the fine print, as they are not true amperage specifications but some other manufacturer developed “performance rating” designed to create the impression of a more powerful vacuum cleaner.

Although amperage refers to electricity consumption and not power or cleaning ability per se, it can be used to compare the input power of one vacuum cleaner to another. This is because while input power is measured in watts, amps are converted into watts by multiplying by volts. Since volts are constant at 120, amps represent a valid comparison of motor input power.

Again, as mentioned above, when making this comparison, try to get the amp rating of the motor only instead of the entire machine.

Therefore, amp ratings give us a means of comparing the input power of a vacuum motor and the vacuum cleaner as a whole and are a meaningful specification for comparison purposes. But again, they are only part of the story. After all, just because a motor or vacuum cleaner consumes more electricity, this does not make it a better cleaner.

The amps specification also does not take into account how efficient the motor is, as well as other design factors, such as whether the motor has one or two fans (two is not necessarily better than one) and the overall efficiency of the vacuum cleaner design.


In the United States, standard household current operates at 120 volts at the meter. Voltage within a home is sometimes referred to as “110” and this is because there may be voltage drops through the house wiring. But not to worry, appliances are designed to operate within a range of voltages from 110 to 120.

For the purposes of understanding vacuum cleaner specifications the only thing about voltage we really need to know is the formula, amps x volts = watts and conversely, watts/volts = amps. When doing these calculations use 120 volts for U.S. appliances.

Water Lift (Sealed Suction)

The sealed suction of a vacuum cleaner is measured in inches of water lift. This rating is taken when the motor is totally sealed, and the term refers to how many inches the motor will vertically lift a 1″ column of water.

Water lift is what gives a vacuum cleaner the power to pick up or “lift” debris from the floor surface, while airflow then removes it to the dust bag. Vacuum cleaners with more inches of water lift will have an easier time picking up sand and other heavier soils from carpet and flooring.

Water lift is also a measure of a vacuum cleaner’s ability to deal with resistance within the vacuum cleaner. This is especially important in HEPA or high filtration vacuum cleaners that have more resistance due to the additional filters that the air has to pass through.

A good water lift rating also indicates that a vacuum cleaner will keep performing at high levels as the dust bag or container fills and the filters “load” or gradually fill with fine particulate and become more and more resistant to air passing through.

The water lift of a vacuum cleaner is another useful indicator of performance in that it is a means of comparing the suction of one motor to another and, generally speaking, the more water lift the better.


This is a rating that was used primarily for marketing purposes and had little or no relation to vacuum cleaner performance in the real world. Thankfully, it has been largely done away with as a vacuum cleaner specification.

Often referred to as “Peak Horsepower” these ratings were obtained by removing the fans from the vacuum motor and subjecting it to the maximum load possible before the motor burned out. Then, a complex formula was applied to come up with a Peak Horsepower rating. Again, this specification is meaningless in terms of evaluating the cleaning ability of a vacuum cleaner.

Air Watts

As we have discussed, typical vacuum power specifications such as watts and amps measure the vacuum cleaner’s input power. Central vacuum makers, as well as some other vacuum cleaner manufacturers, have been using the air watts specification to attempt to rate the vacuum cleaner’s output rather than input power. Air watts are calculated using the formula, (Air Flow (in CFM) x Vacuum (in inches of water lift))/8.5 = Air Watts.

Once again, there is some question as to whether this is a useful specification or just a new rating to further confuse consumers and make comparisons difficult. After all, when you do the calculations, an air watt comes to 0.9983 watt or just about the same as an ordinary watt.

It is important not to confuse air watts with airflow, the most important specification of all.


Airflow is by far the most important specification in terms of determining the cleaning ability of a vacuum cleaner. Measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM), it is the force of this airflow across a surface that picks up the dirt and moves it to the dust bag or container. Therefore, the more airflow, the better the cleaning ability of the vacuum cleaner.

Airflow is an excellent specification because it takes into account both the power of the vacuum motor, which creates suction, as well as the resistance of the bag and filter system that this air must pass through.

Airflow is generally measured through the vacuum cleaner without hose or attachments connected. Because of this, there are several factors that can affect actual airflow, including turbulence in the hose and wands, restrictions on airflow where the cleaning tool meets the floor or other surface, increased resistance due to the bag filling with dirt, as well as filter loading.

Comparing Primary Specifications

In terms of these primary specifications, there are three elements that are useful in comparing vacuum cleaners.

The first comparison is watts to watts motor input power. Ideally, the machines being compared will all have motor input power specified in watts for a simple, direct comparison. If one machine is rated in amps and the other in watts, a conversion of the amps specification to watts makes comparison possible but is “apples to apples” only if the motor amps alone are used for this comparison.

As mentioned in the amps section above, if the only specification available is the amps for the whole machine, a comparison can still be made but it will not be a direct one.

If both machines are rated only in amps, a comparison can be made of the electrical consumption of each unit with an assumption that if these are close or equal, the motors are similar in input power. This is because the motor will be the biggest consumer of the rated amperage.

The second comparison will be water lift (sealed suction). This is a good specification to compare how well the vacuum cleaner will perform as the bag fills and the filters load, and is especially relevant when choosing high filtration or HEPA filtration vacuum cleaners. It also provides some idea of how vacuum cleaners compare in terms of picking up heavier soils such as sand, grit and so on.

The third point of comparison is airflow. This is the most important specification of all when choosing a vacuum cleaner because airflow is what moves the dirt from surfaces to the dust bag or container. In short, airflow is the best specification that demonstrates cleaning ability.

So, now with airflow rated in CFM and water lift rated in inches, what types of numbers should you be looking for? On canister vacuum cleaners (with or without power heads) airflow of 100 CFM or more and water lift of 90 inches or more is recommended.

Upright vacuum cleaners come in a wide variety of configurations, but there are two basic designs. The first is the “Direct Air” or “Dirty Air” design where the dirt passes through the motor prior to any filtration en route to the dust bag. Dirty air uprights are only rated in amps.

The second basic design is one that features a by-pass motor where unfiltered air does not go through the motor. In uprights with this design, only filtered or completely clean room air passes through the motor in order to cool it. By-pass uprights will usually provide airflow but not water lift specifications and a high performing upright will offer 60 CFM or better.

There is no need for water lift ratings on both types of uprights, because there is so little distance for the air and soil to travel. CFM ratings do not have to be as high as canisters for the same reason.

Many uprights will not offer airflow ratings at all and will only rate the motor in terms of amps. As we have learned, this only measures the electrical consumption of the motor, which is not a measure of cleaning ability. Still, when comparing different vacuum cleaners of this type, amp ratings are better than nothing.

When you choose a vacuum cleaner with excellent airflow and water lift specifications, you are well on your way to a machine with outstanding cleaning ability.

Secondary Specifications

We have examined the primary specifications that impact cleaning ability. But there are also secondary specifications that should be considered before making a final decision. These include filtration, cleaning tools (agitation), capacity, quality, noise, features and cost.


Filtration is very important in terms of cleaning ability because HEPA or other advanced filtration increases the resistance within the vacuum cleaner. Therefore, it is easier for a vacuum cleaner with normal filtration to accomplish higher airflow ratings. In fact, the challenge of coping with higher resistance is one of the reasons that HEPA filtration vacuum cleaners can cost more.

For more information on HEPA filtration vacuum cleaners, click here.

The dust bag is also part of the filtration system and a significant factor influencing airflow. Many new materials, as opposed to traditional paper, are being used to manufacture dust bags in order to retain the fine dirt and harmful small particles while still allowing air to flow as freely as possible.

The surface area of the dust bag is also a factor because the more surface area the bag has, the more easily the air will flow through it. This translates to better cleaning ability as the bag fills. This is a good reason to choose full sized vacuum cleaners versus medium or compact ones.

Cleaning Tools (Agitation)

The primary cleaning tool must be correctly selected because while airflow is what transports those soils to the dust bag, agitation is what dislodges soil from carpeting, flooring and other surfaces.

Therefore, explore the type of cleaning tools that make sense for your home. If you have lots of carpet or difficult soils such as pet hair, choose an upright or a power team with a motorized power nozzle. If you have furniture that is difficult to get under, be sure your vacuum cleaner has a low enough profile cleaning nozzle to reach these areas and so on.

If you have a vacuum cleaner with all the airflow in the world but an inadequate cleaning tool, results will be less than optimal.


The capacity of your vacuum cleaner has a role in terms of maintaining high levels of cleaning ability. As we saw above, the larger the dust bag, the better the airflow, and therefore, cleaning ability. All other things being equal, a full-sized vacuum cleaner will offer better cleaning ability, especially as the dust bag or container fills.


The quality of your vacuum cleaner is also important. You can have excellent specifications in a poorly constructed vacuum cleaner that will last only a few years, compared to extremely high quality products that will deliver outstanding cleaning performance and will last many years and even decades.

Quality can be partially determined by the length of the warranty as well as the type of materials used, the quality of the fit and finish, how heavy duty the housings are, how tight the seals, how close the tolerances and so on. Generally, mass-market, low-priced products are not designed for long-term use.


Noise is also a significant consideration. Some vacuum cleaners can be so noisy that they’re almost unbearable to use. A high-quality vacuum cleaner will often operate at levels that are quite comfortable and will allow you to hear the phone or doorbell ring quite easily.

The amount of noise a vacuum makes while operating is rated in decibels (dB). To give you some idea, a conversation at home is rated at 50dB, a garbage disposal at 80 dB and a motorcycle or lawnmower at 100 dB. Extremely quiet vacuum cleaners can operate at decibel levels in the mid-sixties while cleaners in the 70-77 dB range are still very quiet compared to the vacuum cleaner you grew up with.


Next, you need to consider whether the vacuum cleaner you’re considering has all or most of the features that you need for effective and pleasant cleaning.

Consider your cleaning situation and be sure that the vacuum cleaner you choose gives you everything to make the chore of vacuuming as easy as possible. Does it feature a cord rewind, variable speed controls, on-board tool storage, height adjustable wands, an adequate cleaning radius, the proper tools for your flooring such as a soft brush for your slate entry tiles and so on.


And, last but not least, you need a vacuum cleaner that represents the very best value. As with everything, better quality usually costs a bit more, but is often worth it in the long run.

5 Natural Approaches, To Address, Night Leg Cramps

Millions of us, suffer, on, either, a regular, or irregular basis, from what we refer to, as night leg cramps. Since, there might be many reasons, this occurs, before attempting any self – help, alternative approach, and/ or, remedy, it’s important to visit your health practitioner, and have it evaluated, in order to rule – out, any significant, health – threatening cause/ condition. Once you have done this, and serious illnesses/ conditions, have been ruled – out, you might want to consider, some alternative approaches, which might ease your discomfort, minimize and/ or eliminate these symptoms and sensations. With that in mind, this article will attempt to briefly, consider, examine, review, and discuss, 5 natural approaches.

1. Nutrition: Have you been tested, for any specific allergies? Are certain foods, responsible for these events? Are you, potentially, lacking certain food groups, and/ or necessary nutrition? Start by eating a magnesium – rich diet, including sesame, pumpkin, and sunflower seeds. Focus on being well – hydrated (drinking lots of water, throughout the day). Limit consumption of refined, packaged, processed foods, while eating more green, leafy, magnesium – rich foods.

2. Supplements: Many have found, using magnesium supplements, have been particularly helpful. Others feel strongly, taking Calcium, also reduces these types of cramps. In certain instances, some have discovered, a healing benefit, provided, by taking a Vitamin B – complex, 3 times per day, to be beneficial. When additional supplementation is desired, 2000 micrograms of Vitamin B – 12, taken sublingually (under the tongue), may help.

3. Stretching exercises, etc: My late mother, often suffered from this condition. She claimed the thing, which worked best for her, when she felt cramped, was to stand on a cold, tile floor. When I have experienced these, I’ve come to believe, she was right about this home, self – help, remedy. There are also, a variety of stretching exercises, which may relieve, and prevent this from happening, as often.

4. Topical applications: Taking an Epson salt, bath, before going to bed, or, at least soaking your feet, in Epson salt solutions, might help, quite a bit. Any topical application, which reduces inflammation, as well as the benefits, of massage, might make sense. Today, there are a number of people, who claim, to have found numerous benefits, from using creams and salves, containing CBD, or rubbing/ massaging with CBD oils.

5. Homeopathic remedies: There are several homeopathic remedies, and/ or, combinations, which have been used, to address these discomforts, and ailments.

Rather than suffering, or losing sleep, because of this, it might make sense, to use one of, all a combination of a few of the concepts, listed above. Which might help you the most, will differ, from one person, to another!

Dealing with leg cramps is never fun. While there are some good tips in this article you can find out more about what CBD can do for leg cramps at 

Why Does Buying Arena Residences Mean You Have A Great Foresight?

Not too long ago, Arena Residences was a highly anticipated new condominium launch. However, the hype was way overrated and when it officially launched, the sales were mediocre. Subsequently, the show flat at arena residences became a dead town. Why did this happen? Because many home buyers and investors had the sentiment that the units were overpriced.

However, with the upcoming launches such as Sky Habitat at Bishan and many others that launched at even more sky-high prices, the price of a unit at Arena Residences actually started to look reasonable. Then, units started moving again here.

Thus, the people who bought a unit at Arena Residences initially had great foresight. They managed to get early bird discounts and cheaper prices as compared to those who got at a later date. Yes, it may seem expensive at first, but the land prices in Singapore are ever-increasing. Those who bought at the beginning have already made a profit!

Nonetheless, it is still not too late to consider buying a unit at Arena Residences. Just located at the city fringe and right next to Arena MRT Station, imagine how much more will the prices rise to? With empty plots of land surrounding it, you will be guaranteed an unblocked panoramic view of your surroundings. It is indeed rare considering that Singapore is an urban city with lots of high-rise buildings. You will enjoy the peace and space in this beautiful development where the reputable developers have put in a great effort and thought into the extensive landscaping.

Location is key in Singapore and given Arena Residences strategic location, you are surrounded by a myriad of conveniences. Just one MRT stop away, you can get anything you need or want at NEX Mega Mall. You can even bring your pets to the pets cafe – one of the highlights of that huge mall! Two MRT stops away, you can go to Heartland Mall and the famous hawker center beside it. There are endless food choices there and you will not be disappointed! Three MRT stops away, you will arrive at Junction 8 – one of the most established heartland malls in Singapore. Cinemas, shopping, entertainment, and dining options are abundant here. The busy and lively Ang Mo Kio Hub is just four MRT stops away!

Besides all the proximity to conveniences, the good news for parents and families is that the reputable Maris Stella High School and Paya Lebar Methodist Girls School are a stone’s throw away.

There are not many prime sites right next to the MRT such as this, and you should not miss out this rare opportunity to own a unit at Arena Residences!

Why Vinyl Is a Popular Siding Installation

Many siding installations have become a common option for many homeowners in the West and they are increasingly being sold by home centers to make installation a happy pastime for millions of people.

While vinyl siding installations may not be an appropriate choice, many homeowners have decided that it is a good option to exercise and companies are cashing in on the demand by providing installations and kits with comprehensive and complete DIY instructions. The DIY option is a huge advantage considering that it reduces the cost of the vinyl by nearly half and is fairly easy to do project where tool requirements are also at a bare minimum.

Steadily and surely, vinyl is providing to be a great alternative in-home usage in comparison to painting or other forms of dressing up walls and outer surfaces. It comes in a great many designs and variety of colors and adds a distinctive look to any surface. Vinyl also creates the illusion of fanciful style along edges and corners of walls although it is a very conventional material.

Useful things to remember

Vinyl siding installations can be installed in homes by DIY as part of remodeling home surfaces or walls or replacing older siding installations. Shifting a door or adding a window is made easier by using vinyl siding installations when compared to other materials. It is also a huge budgetary advantage because of competitive price factors.

The most important factor in vinyl siding installation is that vinyl is subject to change in shape due to temperature differences. So, installation on a cold day would require that standard lengths are cut shorter and nailed loosely to help expansion in hotter temperatures. It is advisable to half an extra half-inch along every length slide during installation to adjust for this factor; this may create a compromise in appearance which will adjust itself during the temperature changes.

Tools and accompanying components

Notwithstanding slight differences in components between manufacturers, siding systems usually have the following components.

• Prescribed length (normally 12 ft.) siding lengths 
• Door or window trim channels 
• Utility channels 
• J-channels 
• Corner moldings 
• Metal starter strips 
• Fascia covers

Common installation tools may include a circular saw, plywood blade or knife and tin snips.

Before installing a siding over a flat surface, it is necessary to line it with foam board sheets about half-inch in thickness to provide a flat nailing surface as well as offer some insulation. The siding can then be installed using galvanized shingle nails.

To know more about siding installation Toronto, Please Click here!

How To Make the Most of Your Aromatherapy Diffuser

You can use your aromatherapy diffuser to fill your home with wonderfully therapeutic aromas and fragrances and several different methods are available for dispersing the essential oils into your rooms. In fact, you can use candles, tissues, cotton balls, and diffusing devices in order to completely introduce aromatherapy into your lifestyle.

Here are some diffusing methods and devices that you can use for home aromatherapy:

Steam Diffusion

Steam diffusion is probably the most popular method used for diffusing oils. It is very easy to perform because all you will need to do is to prepare a few drops of organic oil and a bowl of boiling water.

Boil at least two cups of water and pour it into a bowl. Add up to ten drops of organic oil into the boiling water. Watch as its steam heats the oils and causes them to quickly evaporate into the room.

The best benefit of using aroma diffuser au in aromatherapy is that this method can quickly release organic oils into the room’s air. However, the aroma coming from the steam is not long-lasting because the heat from boiling water can destroy certain properties of organic oils. Hence, the therapeutic benefits from steam diffusion are less than those offered by cold-diffusion methods.

Candle Diffusion

Candle diffusion is also a convenient way to extract the aroma from essential oils. It can be used anywhere because all you need is a candle to diffuse therapeutic aromas into any given place.

Candle diffusion is performed by lighting a candle and leaving it to burn for about five minutes. After extinguishing the candle, you can place one drop of oil onto the melted wax, and relight the candle. A candle can be utilized as a safe essential oil diffuser as long as you use it with utmost care.

Tissue Diffusion

You can also use a simple tissue to diffuse the essence of organic oils. Add three to four drops of oil onto a tissue and place it somewhere near you. This method is good because they are easily transportable and they can be used anywhere. However, tissues do not work as very efficient diffusers because they do not emit a lot of aroma into a room.

Lamp Rings And Clay Pots

Lamp rings and clay pots are both popular devices used for home aromatherapy. Lamp rings are good diffusers because they are relatively inexpensive. They contain terracotta rings that can be placed directly into light bulbs. Their grooved lips hold the oils and the heat coming from light bulbs gently diffuses oil into the room.

Meanwhile, clay pots are devices that resemble terracotta pots. They have small openings where aromatherapy oils can be added. The organic oils that they contain permeate through the pot and freely diffuse out into rooms. A clay pot is a popular essential oil diffuser because it is easy to use, it is inexpensive and it does not require the use of batteries and electricity.

With these methods, you can easily maximize the therapeutic benefits you are getting from your preferred aromatherapy diffuser.

Using Toughened Glass Partitions in Your Office

Many offices have at least some areas within them which include office partitions. These glass office partitioning Perth can be temporary or permanent, can be floor to ceiling height or lower, and can incorporate rooms, corridors and glazed areas into the design. Many such partitions use solid panels e.g. PVC / plastic, MDF or even metal e.g. aluminium frames because they are flexible materials in terms of what can be constructed from them, and many different finishes and colours can be easily applied to them. For example, laminate finishes are popular, although materials such as silk can also be applied to solid panels to provide an extra element of aesthetic appeal. In recent years however there has been a high demand for glass office partitions, and for architectural glass art pieces, particularly in corporate offices and design / creative related industries.

Although essentially made from the same underlying material i.e. toughened glass panels of varying sizes, there is no real ‘standard’ glass office partition. In the first instance these panels are made / cut to measure depending on the area of the office they have to fit into. Strong aluminium tracks, which can be made in a variety of colours, provide the supporting, and unobtrusive framework. These tracks can also be carried on vertically from floor to ceiling, or for a cleaner line clear or crystal silicone can be used along the joints.

Glass partitions are not only good for the appearance of the office area, but because they are generally made from 10mm or 12mm thick toughened glass. This means that they are more than capable of withstanding normal day-to-day impacts and contact. Manifestation film is often applied to larger clear glass panels to make them more visible, but film, and textured effects can also be added to the panels to improve aesthetics or to provide a frosted effect and with it a degree of privacy where it’s required.

Frameless glass doors, aluminium framed glass doors, or veneered doors can be used to maintain and enhance whatever design theme has been created with the main glass panels. Attractive and practical Individual office spaces, meeting and conference rooms, and reception areas for example can all be created using glass partitions.

Glass Partition Ideas

By their nature partitions divide an area of space into compartments and in the work setting this allows for multiple uses for floor space which would have had one use before. For example one use could be to create a reception and an office using glass. A full height toughened glass partition with veneered doors could be used to create a reception are with a feeling of space and plenty of light. In addition to this some solid sound rates full height walls could be used to create the office boundary. Both of these areas could be blended in to the office using panelling flush to the wall, a brand new suspended ceiling, along with new lighting, carpeting and an air conditioning system.